The craniomandibular system consists of the teeth, masticatory muscles, jaw joints and the ajoining bones of the skull and cervical spine. The most important functions of the craniomanibular system are chewing and speaking. However, in the broadest sense, all movements of the head can also be included.
Problems in the craniomandiular system are known as Craniomandibular Dysfunction (CMD). CMD includes all painful or non-painful complaints which have a negative effect on the structural, functional, biochemical and psychological function of the muscles and/or jaw.
Symptoms of CMD are quite often seen in the dental area (see Medical Indications)
- Muscle pain whilst chewing (Myalgia, Myopathy)
- Pain in the jaw joints (Arthralgia, Arthropathy)
- Noises/cracking of the jaw joint
- Toothache, sensitive or loose teeth, tooth drift
- Headache, facial pain
- Complaints in the ear area (e.g. Tinnitus, dizziness)
- Problems with the eyes (z. B. vision disorder),
- Problems in the throat area (e. g. trouble swallowing, changes to the voice)
- Numbness in the arms and fingers
- Complaints of the cervical spine and neck, spreading down to the shoulders
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